Author(s)

Andrew Assini

Date Approved

12-12-2011

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

M.A. Applied Psychology and Professional Mental Health Counseling

Department

Psychology

College

College of Science & Mathematics

First Advisor

Angelone, DJ

Subject(s)

Twelve-step programs

Disciplines

Psychiatric and Mental Health

Abstract

The purpose of the present research was to collect qualitative data regarding twelve-step programs which was then used to inform the creation of a new measure of twelve-step engagement. Focus groups were conducted, consisting of twelve-step members, to ascertain an insider perspective on the twelve-step experience. Results showed that "successful recovery" was considered more than just time abstinent by these insiders. These findings were then used to guide the creation of the Glassboro Inventory For Twelve-Step (GIFTS), a new measure of twelve-step engagement which improves upon previous twelve-step measures. The GIFTS was validated against the Alcoholics Anonymous Involvement (AAI; Tonigan, Connors, & Miller, 1996) as well as several positive psychology measures. Results indicated that the GIFTS was positively correlated with the AAI and all four positive psychology measures. The GIFTS also appears to be particularly attuned to quality of life rather than time abstinent, as indicated by its predictive relationship with positive psychology constructs.

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