M.A. in School Psychology
Educational Services and Leadership
College of Education
School children--Economic conditions; School children--Social conditions; Self-esteem in children; Third grade (Education)
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between third grade students' socioeconomic status and their corresponding levels of self-esteem and locus of control. Students who received free or reduced lunch were determined as lower socioeconomic status as compared to those who paid full price for their lunch. Five third grade classes were chosen in a suburban area of Philadelphia. One hundred children were used for the study. Seventy-two children were recipients of free or reduced lunch and twenty-eight paid full price for their lunches. The Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory was given as a measure of self-esteem and the Nowicki-Strickland Locus of Control Scale for Children was administered as a measure of locus of control. Results did not indicate a relationship between socioeconomics and self-esteem or locus of control. Findings did support a negative correlation between self-esteem and locus of control for all participants.
Gipe, Kathryn S., "Socioeconomics, self-esteem and locus of control in third grade students" (2003). Theses and Dissertations. 1305.