Date Approved

4-30-2003

Embargo Period

5-11-2016

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

M.A. in Music Education

Department

Science, Technology, Engineering, Arts and Math Education

College

College of Education

First Advisor

Levinowitz, Lili

Subject(s)

First grade (Education); Music--Instruction and study

Disciplines

Elementary Education and Teaching

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the use of the body scale in the tonal pattern training of first grade students. The problem of this study was to determine the comparative effects of tonal pattern instruction with and without the use of the body scale on the singing accuracy of first-grade students among auditory, visual, and kinesthetic learners.

Sixty-seven first grade students in four intact classes were used as the sample in this study. Two of the classes were randomly assigned to serve as the control group and two classes were assigned to serve as the experimental group. All subjects were pretested for pitch accuracy and learning modality preference.

During the 12 weeks of treatment, students in both the control and experimental groups received similar tonal pattern instruction. The main difference existed in that the control group received tonal pattern training without a body scale while the experimental group received tonal pattern training that included a body scale.

At the conclusion of the 12 weeks of treatment, students were individually tape-recorded singing a rote song and their performances were judged by two independent music teachers. Interjudge reliabilities for the pretest and posttest were .67 and .70, respectively. The researcher failed to find statistically significant differences for the interaction and main effects.

Based on the data acquired from this study, it cannot yet be concluded that the use of a body scale during tonal pattern instruction among students with various learning styles (auditory, visual, kinesthetic) has an effect on the singing accuracy of those young children in first grade.

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