Date Approved

6-3-2016

Embargo Period

6-3-2016

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

M.A. Learning Disabilities

Department

Interdisciplinary and Inclusive Education

College

College of Education

First Advisor

Xin, Joy

Subject(s)

Manipulatives (Education); Mathematics; Learning disabled children

Disciplines

Science and Mathematics Education | Special Education and Teaching

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of using cognitive strategies with hands-on manipulatives, and cognitive strategies with virtual manipulatives to enhance problem solving skills of students with Mathematical Learning Disabilities (MLD), as well as their satisfaction with those strategies. Five, 5th graders with MLD participated in the study to learn word problem solving skills in a math class for 80 minutes, 5 days a week for 10 weeks. A single subject research design with ABC phases was used in the study. Results showed each student gained from 3.6 to 5.2 mean points of the weekly quizzes compared to the baseline. A paired cognitive strategy with hands-on manipulatives or computer-based manipulatives may strengthen the math instruction and provide further practices to benefit students with MLD to learn problem solving skills.

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