Date Approved

7-1-1998

Embargo Period

8-11-2016

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

M.S. in Teaching

Department

Interdisciplinary and Inclusive Education

College

College of Education

First Advisor

Robinson, Randall S.

Subject(s)

Science--Study and teaching (Primary); Second grade (Education)

Disciplines

Elementary Education and Teaching

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of hands-on methods of science instruction on low-level second grade students from a low-income community. Hands-on instruction actively engages students in exploratory activities using cognitive, manipulative and operational skills. According to a nonequivalent control group design, the nonstratified sample of 39 students was pretested and presented with either hands-on science instruction or more traditional strategies. Following posttest administration, a t test for nonindependent samples indicated a significant difference between the pretest and the posttest scores of both groups. However, a t test for independent samples revealed no significant difference between the science achievement of students instructed using hands-on learning strategies and the science achievement of those students exposed to more traditional methods.

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