Date Approved

7-15-2014

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

M.A. Special Education

Department

Special Educational Services/Instruction

College

College of Education

First Advisor

Lee, Jiyeon

Subject(s)

Reading comprehension;Learning disabilities;Graphic organizers

Disciplines

Special Education and Teaching

Abstract

The purposes of this study were to examine the effects of using graphic organizers (GOs) to improve reading comprehension skills of five high school students with moderate to severe cognitive impairments. The baseline took place during first two weeks of the study, and the students were not provided with any GOs during this phase. The first intervention took place during the next three weeks, and the students were provided with traditional paper GOs during this phase. The second intervention took place during the final three weeks, and the students were provided with the GOs on the iPad during this phase. Average quiz scores were highest for three of the five participants after using the digital GOs, while the other two students performed best after using the paper GOs. Although individual student performance was somewhat inconsistent, the overall results support the use of digital GOs as a successful strategy for improving the reading comprehension skills of students with cognitive impairments.

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