Author(s)

Michelle Gould

Date Approved

6-15-2015

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

M.A. Special Education

Department

Language, Literacy, and Special Education

College

College of Education

First Advisor

Xin, Joy

Subject(s)

Autistic children--Behavior modification;Tablet computers

Disciplines

Special Education and Teaching

Abstract

Students with ASD often exhibit behavior problems, of these; off-task behaviors are a concern. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of using an iPad for students with ASD to self-monitor their own behaviors. A boy and three girls with ASD participated. A single subject design with ABAB phases was used. During the baseline, each student's behavior occurrences in a language arts class were observed using interval recording of three on-task behaviors including facing forward, engaging in assignment, and looking at the teacher. During the intervention, an iPad was provided with an app called Choiceworks downloaded together with each student's self-modeling image of each on-task behavior. Each student was taught to learn the on-task behaviors by watching the self-modeled image, and recording his/her own behavior for 15 days. Then, the iPad was taken away for 5 days, and resumed for 15 days to evaluate student's performance. The results showed that their on-task behaviors were increased when an iPad was used in self-monitoring.

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