Document Type

Article

Version Deposited

Published Version

Publication Date

10-2-2020

Publication Title

Science Advances

DOI

10.1126/SCIADV.ABA9876

Abstract

Wave fields with orbital angular momentum (OAM) have been widely investigated in metasurfaces. By engineering acoustic metasurfaces with phase gradient elements, phase twisting is commonly used to obtain acoustic OAM. However, it has limited ability to manipulate sound vortices, and a more powerful mechanism for sound vortex manipulation is strongly desired. Here, we propose the diffraction mechanism to manipulate sound vortices in a cylindrical waveguide with phase gradient metagratings (PGMs). A sound vortex diffraction law is theoretically revealed based on the generalized conservation principle of topological charge. This diffraction law can explain and predict the complicated diffraction phenomena of sound vortices, as confirmed by numerical simulations. To exemplify our findings, we designed and experimentally verified a PGM based on Helmholtz resonators that support asymmetric transmission of sound vortices. Our work provides previously unidentified opportunities for manipulating sound vortices, which can advance more versatile design for OAM-based devices.

Comments

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Published Citation

Yangyang Fu, Chen Shen, Xiaohui Zhu, Junfei Li, Youwen Liu, & Steven A Crummer. (2020). Sound vortex diffraction via topological charge in phase gradient metagratings. Science Advances 6(40).

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