Document Type

Article

Version Deposited

Published Version

Publication Date

11-8-2019

Publication Title

Scientific Reports

DOI

10.1038/s41598-019-52007-w

Abstract

Three-dimensional cell spheroid models can be used to predict the effect of drugs and therapeutics and to model tissue development and regeneration. The utility of these models is enhanced by high throughput 3D spheroid culture technologies allowing researchers to efficiently culture numerous spheroids under varied experimental conditions. Detailed analysis of high throughput spheroid culture is much less efficient and generally limited to narrow outputs, such as metabolic viability. We describe a microarray approach that makes traditional histological embedding/sectioning/staining feasible for large 3D cell spheroid sample sets. Detailed methodology to apply this technology is provided. Analysis of the technique validates the potential for efficient histological analysis of up to 96 spheroids in parallel. By integrating high throughput 3D spheroid culture technologies with advanced immunohistochemical techniques, this approach will allow researchers to efficiently probe expression of multiple biomarkers with spatial localization within 3D structures. Quantitative comparison of staining will have improved inter- and intra-experimental reproducibility as multiple samples are collectively processed, stained, and imaged on a single slide.

Comments

Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Published Citation

Gabriel, J., Brennan, D., Elisseeff, J.H., & Beachley, V. (2019). Microarray Embedding/Sectioning for Parallel Analysis of 3D Cell Spheroids. Scientific Reports 9, 16287.

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