A temporal phase mask encryption method is proposed and experimentally demonstrated to improve the security of the stealth channel in an optical steganography system. The stealth channel is protected in two levels. In the first level, the data is carried by amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) noise, which cannot be detected in either the time domain or spectral domain. In the second level, even if the eavesdropper suspects the existence of the stealth channel, each data bit is covered by a fast changing phase mask. The phase mask code is always combined with the wide band noise from ASE. Without knowing the right phase mask code to recover the stealth data, the eavesdropper can only receive the noise like signal with randomized phase.
Wu, Ben; Wang, Zhenxing; Shastri, Bhavin; Chang, Matthew; Frost, Nicholas; and Prucnal, Paul, "Temporal phase mask encrypted optical steganography carried by amplified spontaneous emission noise." (2014). Henry M. Rowan College of Engineering Faculty Scholarship. 76.
Wu, B., Wang, Z., Shastri, B., Chang, M. Frost, N., & Prucnal, P. (2014). Optics Express, 22(1), 954-961.