Date Approved


Embargo Period


Document Type


Degree Name

M.A. in School Psychology


Educational Services and Leadership


College of Education

First Advisor

Klanderman, John

Second Advisor

Dihoff, Roberta


Fourth grade (Education); Self-perception; Spelling ability


Educational Psychology


The purpose of this research was to create an integrated phonics and whole language approach to teaching spelling to regular education and resource students. The sample included thirty-nine fourth grade students, which were split into an experimental and a control group. Students in the experimental group completed a spelling pretest and ten weeks of instruction implemented by the researchers. The students in the control group also completed a pretest and completed spelling instruction as followed by the required fourth grade curriculum.

After the study was completed, both groups completed a spelling posttest as well as a self-concept scale in relation to their ability in the area of spelling. The results in terms of the students' overall spelling ability in both groups were significant. Although self-concept improved with both groups, the results did not yield any significant results. The results showed that an integrated approach to spelling may be helpful in improving overall spelling abilities of regular education and resource students as well as improving self-concept.