Date Approved


Embargo Period


Document Type


Degree Name

M.A. in School Administration


Educational Services and Leadership


College of Education


Sernak, Kathy


Pleasantville High School (Pleasantville, N.J.); Counseling in secondary education


Elementary and Middle and Secondary Education Administration


The purpose of this study was to identify and obtain the resources to create a comprehensive guidance department that would meet the needs of our school population in preparing them for the 21st century. Survey questionnaires provided quantitative data for needs analysis. The questionnaire utilized a Likert Scale. All high school students were given the student survey, approximately one-third responded. The purpose was to have an in-depth understanding of which students' needs were being met and which were not. The students were asked to only identify their grade. A stratification by grade of the high school population allowed for a comparison of responses in ninth, tenth, eleventh, and twelfth grades. There were only six parent respondents, which created a non-probability sample. Counselors completed both a priority of counseling functions and a career counseling support system survey. The literature review provided the awareness and therefore the insight into the national, district and state standards, program models and essential components. The relevancy and the accountability of a district program will be based upon first identifying what will benefit the student population. The outcome goals to be achieved by students will require standards and student competencies. The goal in synthesizing the researched information will determine the structural and programmatic actions and strategies to produce these desired outcomes.