Date Approved


Embargo Period


Document Type


Degree Name

M.A. in Subject Matter Teaching: Art


Science, Technology, Engineering, Arts and Math Education


College of Education


Levinowitz, Lili


Art--Study and teaching; Creative ability in children; Eighth grade (Education); First grade (Education)


Art Education


The purpose of this study was to investigate the students' creative expression as influenced by formal education. The problems of this study were to determine if there was a difference between the perception and use of color by students in primary grades with junior high students, and also if there was a difference displayed in drawing spontaneity related to age.

Two art classes totaling fifty-four students comprised Group A, the primary students, and one class of thirty eighth grade students made up the junior high group for Group B. Students in both groups received a common introductory lesson relating the importance of art and how the skill of rendering can be successfully approached by anyone. Both groups were directed to complete a drawing of a tree in a season of their choice. Directions were given beforehand to ground the tree, use pattern and texture to create contrast and apply color with crayons enhanced by the shading and mixing of colors, The researcher and a qualified fifth grade teacher, with a background in art education, evaluated each student's drawing to determine if a substantial difference existed between the quality of the renderings of both groups based upon the ability to visually discriminate the four primary characteristics of shape, pattern, texture, and shading. Mean scores, standard deviations, and a least squares ANOVA were calculated.

The researcher failed to find a significant difference between Group A and Group B in the analysis of rendering skills.

Included in

Art Education Commons