Date Approved


Embargo Period


Document Type


Degree Name

M.A. in Mathematics Education


Science, Technology, Engineering, Arts and Math Education


College of Education


Sooy, John


Geometry--Study and teaching (Secondary); Mathematics--History


Science and Mathematics Education


The purpose of this study was to integrate the history of mathematics into those topics found in a high school geometry curriculum and to determine the current extent of this integration During the last decade, the History in Mathematics in Education Conference (1990) and the History and Pedagogy of Mathematics Newsletter (1992) are examples of recent efforts to use the history of mathematics as an integral part of the curriculum.

Fifty-one teachers from forty high schools in southeastern Pennsylvania responded to the History of Mathematics in the Classroom questionnaire, which was developed from a review of literature. Geometry teachers rated the importance of areas in the history of mathematics that may be used in the geometry curriculum, using a scale of 5 (very important) to 1 (not important) The teachers also noted which of the areas they currently include in their curricula. The Spearman rank correlation coefficient of 0.79 shows a moderately high correlation between which areas teachers judged to be important and their practices in the classroom.

Based on the data gathered from the questionnaire results, etymologies, the axiomatic system of Euclid, and various proofs of the Pythagorean theorem are the areas in which the history can be used integrally.