Earth, Planets and Space
The data from the analysis of samples returned by Hayabusa from asteroid 25143 Itokawa are used to constrain the preaccretion history, the geological activity that occurred after accretion, and the dynamical history of the asteroid from the main belt to near-Earth space. We synthesize existing data to pose hypotheses to be tested by dynamical modeling and the analyses of future samples returned by Hayabusa 2 and OSIRIS-REx. Specifically, we argue that the Yarkosky-O’Keefe-Radzievskii-Paddack (YORP) effect may be responsible for producing geologically high-energy environments on Itokawa and other asteroids that process regolith and essentially affect regolith gardening.
Connolly, H.C., Lauretta, D.S., Walsh, K.J., Tachibana, S. & Bottke, W.F. (2015). Towards understanding the dynamical evolution of asteroid 25143 Itokawa: contraints from sample analysis. Earth, Planets and Space 67:12.
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