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Social Sciences and Humanities Open




Historically, the shrinking city of Camden, New Jersey has experienced a wide range of issues related to social, environmental, and nutritional injustice. This study focuses on two of the city's most at-risk neighborhoods, Waterfront South and Bergen Square, and examines residents’ perceptions of their local food environments, food insecurity, and proposed solutions, including a potential online grocery delivery service. Many participants across our four methods indicated significant levels of food insecurity, often citing their neighborhoods’ dependence on unhealthy corner stores, lack of full-service grocery retailers, and lack of connection to local food initiatives in other neighborhoods. Responses from our focus group participants generated three dominant themes for potential solutions: (i) attracting new and improving existing grocery retailers in the study area; (ii) increasing education about and participation in local food production; and (iii) fostering collaboration among the city's diverse stakeholders to develop unified food security initiatives. Focus group participants and stakeholder interviewees expressed mixed opinions about a new online grocery delivery service, with some emphasizing its potential convenience and a majority expressing concerns about product quality and equitable access to the service. © 2023 The Author(s)


© 2023 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.