Date of Presentation

5-2-2019 12:00 AM

College

School of Osteopathic Medicine

Poster Abstract

Introduction: Opioid medications have been increasingly prescribed in recent years, particularly to treat individuals with chronic pain. In the U.S., opioid abuse has been declared an epidemic by the Department of Health and Human Services as the number of opioid-related overdoses in 2010 exceeded 16000 and alarmingly continued to rise 15% from 2015 to 2016. Due to opioid dependence and abuse, opioids are a gateway to subsequent drug addiction.

Objective: The goal of this project was to identify a link between certain prescribed opiates and a susceptibility for abuse or misuse in patients with chronic pain through a retrospective analysis. Additionally the various opiate dosages were recorded to identify a potential correlation between higher dosing and a tendency for abuse.

Methods: The study population was 67 patients of the NeuroMusculoskeletal Institute who had abused or misused opiates and were discharged from clinics for their abuse. The patients' demographic information, diagnoses, and medications were collected and analyzed.

Results: Oxycodone HCl had the highest frequency of misuse or abuse in patients discharged from rehabilitation clinics. Among the different dosages, 15mg/day Oxycodone HCl was most frequently abused. Additionally, highest rates of abuse and misuse occurred in 44-66 year old patients.

Conclusion: Older adults (44-66y.o) with chronic pain syndrome are at a higher risk of abusing or misusing their opiate medications, particularly if they are prescribed Oxycodone HCl.

Keywords

opiods, substance-related disorders, opiate alkaloids, substance abuse

Disciplines

Community Health and Preventive Medicine | Medicine and Health Sciences | Pharmaceutical Preparations | Substance Abuse and Addiction

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May 2nd, 12:00 AM

Retrospective Analysis on the Susceptibility of Opiate Addiction Based on Prescribed Medications and Chronic Pain Diagnoses

Introduction: Opioid medications have been increasingly prescribed in recent years, particularly to treat individuals with chronic pain. In the U.S., opioid abuse has been declared an epidemic by the Department of Health and Human Services as the number of opioid-related overdoses in 2010 exceeded 16000 and alarmingly continued to rise 15% from 2015 to 2016. Due to opioid dependence and abuse, opioids are a gateway to subsequent drug addiction.

Objective: The goal of this project was to identify a link between certain prescribed opiates and a susceptibility for abuse or misuse in patients with chronic pain through a retrospective analysis. Additionally the various opiate dosages were recorded to identify a potential correlation between higher dosing and a tendency for abuse.

Methods: The study population was 67 patients of the NeuroMusculoskeletal Institute who had abused or misused opiates and were discharged from clinics for their abuse. The patients' demographic information, diagnoses, and medications were collected and analyzed.

Results: Oxycodone HCl had the highest frequency of misuse or abuse in patients discharged from rehabilitation clinics. Among the different dosages, 15mg/day Oxycodone HCl was most frequently abused. Additionally, highest rates of abuse and misuse occurred in 44-66 year old patients.

Conclusion: Older adults (44-66y.o) with chronic pain syndrome are at a higher risk of abusing or misusing their opiate medications, particularly if they are prescribed Oxycodone HCl.

 

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