Date of Presentation

5-2-2019 12:00 AM

Embargo Period

11-2-2019

College

School of Osteopathic Medicine

Poster Abstract

Obesity is a multifaceted disease with physiological, psychological and social influences. While physiological factors, such as basal metabolic rate, can influence an individual’s BMI (Body Mass Index), obesity is primarily determined by behavior: excess food intake and a sedentary lifestyle greatly contribute to weight gain. An individual’s behavior is influenced by many factors, including their desires, perceptions, and social pressures. Therefore, psychological conditions can greatly impact an individual’s eating habits, thereby affecting that person’s BMI. This endeavor involved exploration of the potential effects of food addiction, anxiety, and depression on obesity. A survey consisting of an amalgamation of the Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS), Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) and Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAM-A) was utilized, enabling objective assessment of the presence of food addiction, depression, or anxiety in patients, respectively. Patients were approached either in one of four Rowan SOM Family Medicine offices, or via online survey posted on social media sites. Data was collected anonymously with no patient identifiers. Analysis of data revealed a significant correlation between obesity and depression, anxiety, and multiple criteria for food addiction.

Keywords

obesity, BMI, body mass index, food addiction, depression, anxiety

Disciplines

Behavioral Medicine | Medicine and Health Sciences | Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases | Pathological Conditions, Signs and Symptoms | Psychiatry and Psychology

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May 2nd, 12:00 AM

The Correlation Between Obesity, Food Addiction, Anxiety & Depression

Obesity is a multifaceted disease with physiological, psychological and social influences. While physiological factors, such as basal metabolic rate, can influence an individual’s BMI (Body Mass Index), obesity is primarily determined by behavior: excess food intake and a sedentary lifestyle greatly contribute to weight gain. An individual’s behavior is influenced by many factors, including their desires, perceptions, and social pressures. Therefore, psychological conditions can greatly impact an individual’s eating habits, thereby affecting that person’s BMI. This endeavor involved exploration of the potential effects of food addiction, anxiety, and depression on obesity. A survey consisting of an amalgamation of the Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS), Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) and Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAM-A) was utilized, enabling objective assessment of the presence of food addiction, depression, or anxiety in patients, respectively. Patients were approached either in one of four Rowan SOM Family Medicine offices, or via online survey posted on social media sites. Data was collected anonymously with no patient identifiers. Analysis of data revealed a significant correlation between obesity and depression, anxiety, and multiple criteria for food addiction.

 

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