Date Approved

7-28-2004

Embargo Period

4-26-2016

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

M.S. in Teaching

Department

Language, Literacy, and Sociocultural Education

College

College of Education

First Advisor

Cinaglia, Marianne

Subject(s)

Discussion; History--Study and teaching (Middle school)--United States

Disciplines

Secondary Education and Teaching

Abstract

The research question for this project is what are the tools and strategies teachers are using to present multiple perspectives to their students? The data sources for this research included classroom observations, teacher interviews, student questionnaires, and document analysis. Four different teachers were interviewed and had their classes observed. There were a total of 16 observations containing detailed field notes. Twenty-seven students filled out the questionnaire. Documents used in the classroom as tools were collected and analyzed for this research. Four main strategies for presenting multiple perspectives in the classroom were found: open discussion, current events, alternative texts, and movies or film clips. These four strategies were found in all of the data sources and in higher percentages than other strategies mentioned or observed. Implications for the use of these strategies to present multiple perspectives in the classroom are discussed.

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