Date Approved

7-2-1998

Embargo Period

8-12-2016

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

M.S. in Teaching

Department

Interdisciplinary and Inclusive Education

College

College of Education

First Advisor

Robinson, Randall S.

Subject(s)

Fourth grade (Education); Reading (Elementary)

Disciplines

Elementary Education and Teaching

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect that literature circles had on the reading attitudes of fourth grade students. This study used a pretest-posttest control group design to look at the reading attitudes of fourth grade students before and after the implementation of literature circles. These literature circles were composed of heterogeneous ability groups which were used in addition to the regular reading program.

Both groups were given the Elementary Reading Attitude Survey (ERAS) prior to the induction of literature circles. The experimental group (n = 17) was engaged in literature circles for approximately ten weeks while the control group (n = 17) did not participate in literature circles.

An independent group t test determined that literature circles did not significantly increase the reading attitudes of the experimental group [t (32) = 1.04, p > .05 ]. In addition, a non independent t test showed that there was not a significant difference between the pretest scores and posttest scores of the experimental group [t (16) = .49, p > .05 ]. Therefore, it was concluded the literature circles did not significantly increase the reading attitudes of the fourth grade students in this study.

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