Date Approved

3-16-2017

Embargo Period

3-16-2017

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

MS Pharmaceutical Sciences

Department

Chemistry & Biochemistry

College

College of Science & Mathematics

First Advisor

Caputo, Gregory

Second Advisor

Demarest, Renee

Third Advisor

Keck, Thomas

Subject(s)

Coatings; Antibacterial agents; Silver oxide

Disciplines

Biochemistry | Materials Chemistry | Medicinal-Pharmaceutical Chemistry

Abstract

This study examines applications of sputtered silver coatings as alternatives to traditional antibiotic treatments. Given the increase in reports of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, new treatments and coatings for in-dwelling medical devices such as catheters and orthopedic implants are necessary. Silver oxide films were deposited onto Ti surfaces to examine the efficacy of such coatings against a variety of bacterial species both in vitro and in vivo. Bacterial growth studies showed that coatings exhibited antimicrobial activity against a range of bacterial species acting either in a bacteriostatic or bactericidal mechanism, depending on the target. Limited toxicity to in vitro mammalian cells was evident in the immediate area proximal to the disc and preliminary studies in a murine infection model show the ability of immunocompetent animals to clear silver from the system. In addition, AgO was examined as an additive to silk biopolymers to add antimicrobial activity for future application in liquid bandages. Silver oxide sputtered films were applied to standard bandages to compare their efficacy to that of commercially available antibiotic-loaded bandages. Silver oxide/copper oxide mixtures were sputtered onto high-density polyethylene to determine efficacy and potentially modulate Ag+ release rates. Preliminary results of these studies indicate that AgO-impregnated biopolymers, silver oxide-sputtered silk films, silver bandages and silver oxide/copper oxide mixtures exhibited some efficacy against a variety of bacterial species.

Other Repository URL

http://dissertations.umi.com/rowan:10305

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