Date Approved


Embargo Period


Document Type


Degree Name

M.A. in School Psychology


Educational Services and Leadership


College of Education


Klanderman, John

Committee Member 1

Dihoff, Roberta


Detoxification (Substance abuse treatment); Substance abuse--Treatment; Women--Substance use


Educational Psychology


During the early development of the twelve-step program, it was an effort to help middle class older white males that abuse alcohol. Since the 1930's the twelve-steps have been used to treat women and men from all different backgrounds that have experimented with a variety of drugs. The purposes of this research were to evaluate the effectiveness of a twelve-step program using the scores from each woman's Symptom Checklist-90-R and to review current literature on twelve-step programs and their effectiveness with the female populations.

The Symptom Checklist-90-R was designed to help screen for a range of psychological problems and symptoms of psychopathology. The tool was used to evaluate the patients' status at entrance to the program and again monthly to monitor progress. Using the scores from each woman's test for the fist five months a progress report was computed. The global index scores for the five-month period were statistically computed using the Mauchly's Test of Sphericity. The results indicated a substantial decrease in psychological problems for women who remained in treatment for five months, which supports positive progress for women in treatment in the residential twelve-step program.