Date Approved


Embargo Period


Document Type


Degree Name

M.A. in School Psychology


Educational Services and Leadership


College of Education

First Advisor

Klanderman, John

Second Advisor

Dihoff, Roberta


Academic achievement; Breakfasts; School children--Food; Second grade (Education)


Educational Psychology


The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between eating a nutritious breakfast and academic performance. The sample consisted of 20 Second Grade Students, 12 males and 8 females, attending an elementary school in an urban school district. The subjects ranged in age from 7 to 9. Five males and two females were of Hispanic descent. Seven males and six females were of African American descent. The participants were given the Kaufman Test of Educational Achievement to determine if the children were on grade level. A daily log was kept of what each child ate for breakfast and a daily log was kept identifying their academic performance for the morning. The Spearman Rank Order Correlation Coefficient was used to determine significance. It was concluded from the nineteen-day study that on fourteen of those days there was no significance in eating a nutritious breakfast and displaying good academic performance. However, on five of the days there was significance in the relationship between eating a nutritious breakfast and positive academic performance.