Date Approved


Embargo Period


Document Type


Degree Name

M.A. in Music Education


Science, Technology, Engineering, Arts and Math Education


College of Education


Levinowitz, Lili M.


Music--Instruction and study; Sixth grade (Education)


Junior High, Intermediate, Middle School Education and Teaching


The purpose of this study was to examine the association of learning process frequencies among sixth grade music students who elect to participate in musical ensembles. Is there an association between the student's choice of elective music ensemble and their learning process?

Forty-five sixth grade music students participated in the study with their parents' permission. Subjects were administered the Learning Combination Inventory during their scheduled music class. They were asked to first respond to 28 Likert-type statements rating their answers as best fitting their own individual learning. The second part of the instrument required the subjects to respond to three open ended questions.

Data were analyzed four ways employing chi square analyses. The observed chi square value for the total population was 20.24. Subsequent chi square values were, 4.38 within instrumental ensembles, 5.10 between instrumental and vocalists, and 10.85 among instrumentalists, vocalists and doublers, respectively all chi square values were not found to be statistically significant. Results of the study indicate that a diverse portrait of learning processes exists among sixth grade elective music ensembles with 45% being sequential, 19% technical, 19% confluent, 10% bridge or multiple learners and 6% precise.