Date Approved


Embargo Period


Document Type


Degree Name

M.A. in School Psychology


Educational Services and Leadership


College of Education


Klanderman, John

Committee Member 1

Dihoff, Roberta


Academic achievement; Locus of control; Sex differences


Educational Psychology


This study intended to look at the relationship between locus of control, gender, and academic achievement. The following variables were used: Rotter's I-E scale, Trice's Academic Locus of Control Scale, gender, and college GPA/grades. A sample of 59 subjects (36 female, 23 male) were obtained from the Rowan University student body and each were given the two scales. Six hypotheses were tested using correlational statistics such as the Pearson r, independent t-test, and analysis of means. Results found that a positive relationship existed between Rotter's and Trice's scales. It was also found that although no relationship existed between Rotter's scale and GPA/grades, a significant correlation was found between Trice's measure and GPA/grades. In addition, sex differences were found using Trice's measure but not Rotter's scale. Significant differences were also found between the sexes on the variables of GPA and grade scores, with females possessing higher GPA and grades. Lastly, upon analyzing the mean scores of both sexes on samples cited in Rotter's 1966 article and that of the current Rowan sample, it was found that there were indeed apparent differences; mainly, individuals from both sexes of the Rowan 1998 study tended to score more externally as compared to Rotter's samples.