Date Approved


Embargo Period


Document Type


Degree Name

M.A. in School Administration


Educational Services and Leadership


College of Education

First Advisor

Johnson, Theodore


Substitute teachers--New Jersey--Camden


Elementary and Middle and Secondary Education Administration


The purpose of this study was to discover and describe any methods or strategies, which could be utilized to reduce or eliminate the shortage of substitute teachers in Camden City Public Schools. The design of the study was based on an action research model. Two areas of intervention were selected for the action research: (1) District level intervention and (2) Substitute teacher preparation intervention. Two populations were surveyed for data collection and analysis: substitute teachers who were new to Camden City Public Schools as of September 1998 and school district principals.

The surveys designed for this study were constructed to provide data in three areas: (1) the effectiveness of the Substitute Teacher Handbook and Substitute Teacher Orientation Sessions in providing useful information to substitute teachers; (2) the impact of these two variables on substitute teachers; and (3) the effect of these two variables on the return rate of substitute teachers to Camden City Public Schools.

The data indicated positive results for the first two areas. The results were inconclusive for the third area.