M.A. in Learning Disabilities
Interdisciplinary and Inclusive Education
College of Education
Grade repetition; School children
Disability and Equity in Education
Each year many students are misplaced in grade levels and are unable to meet academic expectations. As a result, school administrators, teachers and parents are faced with finding a solution to these children's educational problems. Retention is one alternative that is often considered. Due to the frequency of this practice along with limited options, it is important to look at the academic effects of retention on students. Using teachers' report cards and standardized test results, the effects of retention were studied in six elementary school students. Using a combination of factors including literature reviews and the results of this study, it was determined that in order to be effective, the decision to retain must be made on an individual basis.
Sabia, Michelle M., "An examination of the positive and negative effects of retention" (1998). Theses and Dissertations. 1984.