Date Approved


Embargo Period


Document Type


Degree Name

M.A. in School Psychology


Educational Services and Leadership


College of Education


Dihoff, Roberta


Career changes; Vocational guidance


Educational Psychology


The purpose of this study was to examine the correlation between the timing of assessment instrument usage and the perceived value of assessment instruments for adult clients in career transition counseling settings. Comparisons of career counselor and adult client perspectives on assessment instrument usefulness were also studied. A mailed self-administered questionnaire was developed to collect data. Fifteen counselors and 47 clients, associated with the downsizing of an electric utility company's regional office in southern New Jersey, responded and formed the basis of all data analysis. An independent t Test for unequal groups was used to compare counselor and cheat ratings of assessment instrument usefulness. Results showed significantly higher ratings by the counselors as compared to the client ratings. A dependent t Test was used to compare client ratings of assessment instruments used during the initial stage of counseling to client ratings of instruments used later in the counseling process. Results showed significantly higher client ratings for assessment instruments used in the later stages of counseling. These results lend support to career transition theories and research on "job loss trauma" and other factors that may inhibit adults during the initial stage of career transition.