Date Approved


Embargo Period


Document Type


Degree Name

M.A. Special Education


Interdisciplinary and Inclusive Education


College of Education

First Advisor

Kuder, Sydney


Individualized reading instruction


Curriculum and Instruction


The purpose of the study was to examine the effects of leveled literacy through guiding reading and leveled literacy reading in conjunction with supplemental small group instruction utilizing Orton Gillingham techniques. This study was completed in a first grade inclusive classroom. This study was created by results from beginning of the year (September) independent reading assessments. Students who were incorporated into this study as part of the instructional group read at least three grade below excepted level, and were not classified students. Students were monitored and formally assessed at each marking period of the school year to measure successes. Students in the control group met during guided reading only utilized small group Level Literacy provided through Fountas and Pinnell. The instructional group met daily and received both small group instruction utilizing the Orton Gillingham techniques as well as the Level Literacy provided by Fountas and Pinnell. Overall, the students reading levels increased at a minimum of three levels. The study showed students who were given the instructional techniques provided by both programs were more successful and improved more than students who only have one resource.