Date Approved


Embargo Period


Document Type


Degree Name

MA School Psychology




College of Science & Mathematics

First Advisor

DiHoff, Roberta


early intervention, social-emotional skills, IDEA, developmental delays, Individualized Family Service Plans


Children with disabilities--Services for--New Jersey; Infants with disabilities; Toddlers with disabilities


Disability and Equity in Education | Early Childhood Education


The positive influence of early intervention on the future success of infants and toddlers who qualify for these services has been supported by various studies. Social-emotional skills, a targeted outcome of early intervention services, are an essential component of a child's social and academic success. New Jersey County Determination Reports demonstrate a disparity between the percentage of children entering early intervention with social-emotional skills below age expectation and then proceeding to exit early intervention with substantially increased social-emotional skills. The purpose of this study was to understand whether certain variables impacted these percentages. Variables investigated for each county included the number of referrals, number of families receiving Individualized Family Service Plans, county size and median household income. Through statistical analyses of information provided in the 2014 and 2015 fiscal years New Jersey Early Intervention System County Determination Reports, statistical significance revealed a correlation between county size and social-emotional skills growth for both years reviewed. A correlation between median household income and social-emotional skills growth was also found in fiscal year 2015. Further research is necessary to understand why these variables may play a significant role in increasing social-emotional skills within the Early Intervention System.