Date Approved

2-20-2018

Embargo Period

2-21-2018

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

MS Civil Engineering

Department

Civil & Environmental Engineering

College

Henry M. Rowan College of Engineering

First Advisor

Nazari, Rouzbeh

Second Advisor

Iranmanesh, Amir

Third Advisor

Everett, Jess

Subject(s)

Hurricanes--Computer simulation; Emergency management--New Jersey

Disciplines

Civil and Environmental Engineering | Hydraulic Engineering | Physical and Environmental Geography

Abstract

The State of New Jersey is particularly vulnerable to extreme weather and climatic events. This study concentrates on spatial and temporal vulnerability of these events using climate and hydrodynamic modelling. The first chapter focuses on historical climatic trend of temperature and precipitation as well as the future scenarios using 10 bias corrected climate model output considering high end emission scenario derived from Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 (CMIP5). In the second chapter a coastal hydrodynamic model called ADCIRC-2DDI was implemented to assess the impact of hurricanes in the Western North Atlantic (WNAT) model domain. The efficiency of the model in representing the complex interaction between storm-tide was assessed considering hurricane SANDY as a historical event. Multiple scenarios were also created to assess the impact of different categories of hurricane for Atlantic City, NJ. The last chapter deals with the inland flooding during extreme storm event. A 2D hydrodynamic model based on Shallow Water Equation (SWE) called TUFLOW was implemented to identify the dynamic spatial and temporal extent of inland flooding. Results from the TUFLOW were coupled with a traffic micro-simulation model to help emergency evacuation planning to help the vulnerable communities with decision making process.

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