Date Approved


Embargo Period


Document Type


Degree Name

MA Special Education


Interdisciplinary and Inclusive Education


College of Education


Accardo, Amy

Committee Member 1

Kuder, Sydney J.

Committee Member 2

Xin, Joy


Foreign language, learning disabilities, multisensory, Spanish


Learning disabled youth--Education; Language and languages--Study and teaching; Spanish language


Bilingual, Multilingual, and Multicultural Education | Special Education and Teaching


The purpose of the study was to investigate the effect of a multisensory approach to Spanish instruction founded in Orton-Gillingham on the (1) foreign language writing, and (2) foreign language reading comprehension of students with learning disabilities in the middle school Spanish classroom. Additionally, the study inquired about the students' satisfaction with the Orton-Gillingham approach to learning to read in Spanish. Four middle school Spanish students with SLD, three male and one female, participated in the study. A single subject ABAB design was used. During the baseline phases, students received Spanish instruction in the traditional mainstream classroom. During the intervention, students received instruction through an alphabetic based multisensory program for teaching reading and spelling in the target language. Daily assessment scores were collected on reading comprehension and written expression across all phases. Results show all four participants improved their reading comprehension and writing scores from baseline data. The student satisfaction surveys suggest that students enjoyed the use of a multisensory approach to Spanish instruction. Further research is suggested investigating the effect of a multisensory approach on Spanish students with learning disabilities.