Date Approved


Embargo Period


Document Type


Degree Name

M.A. Clinical Psychology




College of Science & Mathematics

First Advisor

Angelone, D. J.

Second Advisor

Joppa, Meredith

Third Advisor

Fife, Dustin


confluence model, gender norms, hostile masculinity, hostile sexism, impersonal sex, sexual aggression


Rape--Risk assessment; Sexual animosity


Clinical Psychology


The confluence model of sexual aggression has been a gold standard for identifying men's risk of sexual aggression. However, many replications and iterations of the model have continued to produce similar results with slight improvement. This consistent occurrence may be due to changes in the dating landscape that have occurred since the synthesis of the confluence model. In addition, these replications and iterations of the confluence model have utilized different ways of measuring one of the core constructs of the confluence model: impersonal sex. This study had two aims: (1) identify the best method of measuring impersonal sex, and (2) identify if hostile sexism improves the confluence model. Results from a series of confirmatory factor analyses indicated that the best method of measuring impersonal sex is the Sociosexual Orientation Inventory (SOI). We developed three structural models: (1) the original confluence model, (2) the original confluence model with the addition of impersonal sex, and (3) a reassessed model, where hostile sexism replaced hostile masculinity. The results from these three models indicated that the replacement of hostile masculinity (the other core construct of the confluence model) with hostile sexism improved the overall fit of the model across several measures of model fit.