Date Approved


Embargo Period


Document Type


Degree Name

M.S. Electrical and Computer Engineering


Electrical and Computer Engineering


Henry M. Rowan College of Engineering

First Advisor

Schmalzel, John L.

Second Advisor

Shin, Sangho

Third Advisor

Krchnavek, Robert R.


Computer networks--Standards; Internet of things


Electrical and Computer Engineering


The Internet of Things (IoT) has rapidly become the paradigm for the creation and improvement of new and old Cyber Physical Systems (CPS), but how much longer can this development of IoT devices, networks, and services be sustained? The past decade has seen incredible growth in internet connected devices, with current estimates placing the number of such devices at about 20 billion in 2017, not including personal computers, smart phones, and tablets. This has created a massive market for these devices, with each company making their own applications, protocols, and services. Since these markets are competitive, there originally was no incentive to design systems, which were built to have a common protocol to enable interoperability between systems. This can pose a large integration effort if two or more of these systems need to communicate together as part of a larger system. The problem is compounded if these systems utilize two different physical layers or talk using two different protocols. The revitalization of the IEEE 1451 family of standards can solve this problem. The work in this thesis proposes to solve the integration problem by providing a common set of services and protocols for devices. This work provides the basis for a common architectural foundation for future IoT development. The contributions of this thesis include a renewal of the language and intent of the IEEE P21451-1 draft standard, development of example implementations to be included in the standard, and the development of Open Source hardware and software aimed at lowering the cost of adopting this standard.