Frank Martini Jr

Date Approved


Document Type


Degree Name

M.A. School Psychology-Professional School Psychology


Special Educational Services/Instruction


College of Education

First Advisor

Dihoff, Roberta


Procrastination; College students


Higher Education | Student Counseling and Personnel Services


The purpose of this research study was to explore the relationship between active procrastination, passive procrastination, and non-procrastination in regards to university students' education and success in college, in an attempt to identify possible benefits of procrastination. University students were distributed a survey that classified them either as an active procrastinator (one who makes deliberate decisions to procrastinate because they feel they work well under pressure), a passive procrastinator (one who finds themselves paralyzed by their indecision to act on a task within an appropriate timeframe), or a non-procrastinator (one who does not procrastinate on most assignments) and analyzed their GPA and success in college. It was hypothesized that those who identified as active procrastinators and non-procrastinators would have a higher GPA and be more successful college students than those identifying as passive procrastinators. Results indicated there was no significant influence of active procrastination, passive procrastination, or non-procrastination on university students' education or success in college. Implications for future research are discussed.