M.S. Mechanical Engineering
Henry M. Rowan College of Engineering
Behrad Koohbor, Ph.D.
Committee Member 1
Chen Shen, Ph.D.
Committee Member 2
Nand Singh, Ph.D.
ARCHITECTED MATERIALS, DENSITY GRADATION, FUNCTIONALLY GRADED MATERIALS, HONEYCOMBS, OPTIMIZATION, VIRTUAL EXPERIMENT
Materials Science and Engineering | Mechanical Engineering
Density gradation has been analytically and experimentally proven to enhance the load-bearing and energy absorption efficiency of cellular solids. This research focuses on the analytical optimization (by virtual experiments) of polymeric honeycomb structures made from flexible thermoplastics to achieve density-graded structures with desired mechanical properties. The global stress-strain curves of single-density honeycomb structures are used as input to an analytical model that enables the characterization of the constitutive response of density-graded hexagonal honeycombs with discrete and continuous gradations and for various gradients. The stress-strain outputs are used to calculate the specific energy absorption, efficiency, and ideality metrics for all density-graded structures. The analytical results are shown to be in good agreement with previous experimental measurements. The findings of this research suggest that the choice of an optimal gradient depends on the specific application and design criteria. For example, graded structures wherein low-density layers are dominant are shown to outperform high density uniform honeycombs in terms of specific energy absorption capacity while possessing higher strength compared with low density uniform structures.
Rahman, Oyindamola Khadijat, "Optimization of load-bearing and impact energy absorption capacities of honeycomb structures by density gradation" (2021). Theses and Dissertations. 2931.