Date Approved


Embargo Period


Document Type


Degree Name

M.S. Electrical and Computer Engineering


Electrical and Computer Engineering


Henry M. Rowan College of Engineering


Shreekanth Mandayam, Ph.D.

Committee Member 1

Nidhal Bouaynaya, Ph.D.

Committee Member 2

Patrice Tremoulet, Ph.D.


Augmented Reality (AR), Heads-up Display (HUD), Human Factors, Rotorcraft, Virtual Reality (VR)


Helicopter flight simulators; Helicopters--Piloting--Human Factors


Aerospace Engineering | Electrical and Computer Engineering


Rotorcraft pilots often face the challenge of processing a multitude of data, integrating it with prior experience and making informed decisions in complex, rapidly changing multisensory environments. Virtual Reality (VR), and more recently Augmented Reality (AR) technologies have been applied for providing users with immersive, interactive and navigable experiences. The research work described in this thesis demonstrates that VR/AR are particularly effective in providing real-time information without detracting from the pilot's mission in both civilian and military engagements. The immersion of the pilot inside of the VR model provides enhanced realism. Interaction with the VR environment allows pilots to practice appropriately responding to simulated threats. Navigation allows the VR environment to change with varying parameters.

In this thesis, VR/AR environments are applied for the design and development of a head-up display (HUD) for helicopter pilots. The usability of the HUD that is developed as a part of this thesis is assessed using established frameworks for human systems engineering by incorporating best practices for user-centered design. The research work described in this thesis will demonstrate that VR/AR environments can provide flexible, ergonomic, and user-focused interfaces for real-time operations in complex, multisensory environments.