Date Approved


Embargo Period


Document Type


Degree Name

M.S. Mechanical Engineering


Mechanical Engineering


Henry M. Rowan College of Engineering


Wei Xue, Ph.D. and Francis Haas, Ph.D.

Committee Member 1

Mitja Trkov, Ph.D.

Committee Member 2

Behrad Koohbor, Ph.D.


data fusion, ECG, Electro-mechanical, PCG, SCG, tele-medicine


Heart disease diagnostic equipment; Patient monitoring equipment


Biomedical Engineering and Bioengineering | Mechanical Engineering


Heart disease is a major public health problem and one of the leading causes of death worldwide. Therefore, cardiac monitoring is of great importance for the early detection and prevention of adverse conditions. Recently, there has been extensive research interest in long-term, continuous, and non-invasive cardiac monitoring using wearable technology. Here we introduce a wearable device for monitoring heart health. This prototype consists of three sensors to monitor electrocardiogram (ECG), phonocardiogram (PCG), and seismocardiogram (SCG) signals, integrated with a microcontroller module with Bluetooth wireless connectivity. We also created a custom printed circuit board (PCB) to integrate all the sensors into a compact design. Then, flexible housing for the electronic components was 3D printed using thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU). In addition, we developed peak detection algorithms and filtering programs to analyze the recorded cardiac signals. Our preliminary results show that the device can record all three signals in real-time. Initial results for signal interpretation come from a recurrent neural network (RNN) based machine learning algorithm, Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM), which is used to monitor and identify key features in the ECG data. The next phase of our research will include cross-examination of all three sensor signals, development of machine learning algorithms for PCG and SCG signals, and continuous improvement of the wearable device.