Lisle Duffey

Date Approved


Document Type


Degree Name

M.A. Reading Education


Language, Literacy, and Special Education


College of Education

First Advisor

Madden, Marjorie


Self-monitoring;Oral reading


Elementary Education and Teaching


The purpose of this study was to consider the impact of using rubrics to self-assess fluency on first graders. Qualitative sources of data included a teacher research journal with observation notes and reflections, audio recordings of students reading, and informal group interview responses. Numerical data included initial and final words correct per minute scores for each week, as well as initial and final phrasing and expression rubric scores for each week. The data was triangulated and analyzed to identify trends and draw conclusions. The findings suggested that the use of fluency rubrics for self-assessment and the use of iPads for voice-recording were both motivating for students. The data also indicated that students showed fluency growth over the course of the four weeks of the study, especially in regards to expression. The self-assessment process and personal goal setting helped the students to be more aware of their fluency and know specifically what they needed to work on as they practiced reading independently.