M.A. in Mental Health Counseling and Applied Psychology
College of Science & Mathematics
Eyewitness identification; Sex differences (Psychology)
This study examined differences in levels of suggestibility with regard to gender and three personality characteristics (self-esteem, self-monitoring, and social desirability) and how these differences apply to matters of eyewitness testimony. A total of 70 undergraduates (37 male, 33 female) completed a memory task followed by three personality inventories (the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, the Self-Monitoring Scale, and the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale) and then a questionnaire relating to the memory task. The dependent variable was number wrong for factual vs. leading questions. More leading questions were answered incorrectly than factual which was a significant difference. A repeated measures ANOVA revealed no overall gender differences in levels of suggestibility, but there were significant differences found independent of gender. There was a significant difference in the number wrong when compared to different levels of self-esteem. Those highest in self-esteem answered the most factual questions correctly and the most leading incorrectly. Data also show gender differences found with regard to the personality variables tested. Females high in self-monitoring got fewer wrong than males, and males medium and high on social desirability got many more wrong than females medium and high in social desirability.
Godino, Tara, "Gender differences in levels of suggestibility" (2009). Theses and Dissertations. 619.