Date Approved


Embargo Period


Document Type


Degree Name

M.A. in School and Public Librarianship


Special Educational Services/Instruction


College of Education


Shontz, Marilyn L.


High school librarians; School libraries--Activity programs


Library and Information Science


Utilizing an experts' consensus from the field of school librarianship of the characteristics of a successful school library program, this study aimed to corroborate what data collected by 9th-12th grade school librarians articulate and validate a successful school library program. Information Power was used as the industry standard for determining the standards of successful school library programs. First; a meta-analysis was done to identify the experts in the field of school librarianship. Second, a Delphi study was used with the experts to corroborate what data needs to be collected by 9th-12th grade school librarians to validate the success of a school library program.

By consensus, three data collection techniques were determined to be valid to articulate and validate a successful school library program: library expenditures per full-time equivalent (FTE) student to report sufficient funding; an analysis of lesson plans to report alternative ways for students to achieve SLM program's support of diverse learning styles; and the student outcomes after collaborative lesson planning of lessons with library components are a valid measure that a SLMS is collaborating, modeling, and promoting.