Didac Carmona-Gutierrez, University of Graz
Maria Anna Bauer, University of Graz
Andreas Zimmermann, University of Graz
Andrés Aguilera, Universidad de Sevilla
Nicanor Austriaco, Providence College
Kathryn Ayscough, University of Sheffield
Rena Balzan, University of Malta
Shoshana Bar-Nun, Tel Aviv University
Antonio Barrientos, University of Miami
Peter Belenky, Brown University
Marc Blondel, Université de Bretagne Occidentale
Ralf J Braun, University of Bayreuth
Michael Breitenbach, University of Bayreuth
William C Burhans, Roswell Park Cancer Institute
Sabrina Büttner, University of Graz
Duccio Cavalieri, University of Florence
Michael Chang, University of Groningen
Katrina F Cooper, Rowan University
Manuela Côrte-Real, University of Minho
Vítor Costa, Universidade do Porto
Christophe Cullin, University of Bordeaux
Ian Dawes, University of New South Wales
Jörn Dengjel, University of Fribourg
Martin B Dickman, Texas A&M University
Tobias Eisenberg, University of Graz
Birthe Fahrenkrog, Université Libre de Bruxelles
Nicolas Fasel, University of Lausanne
Kai-Uwe Fröhlich, University of Graz
Ali Gargouri, Center de Biotechnologie de Sfax
Sergio Giannattasio, National Research Council (Italy)
Paola Goffrini, University of Parma
Campbell W Gourlay, University of Kent at Canterbury - U.K.
Chris M Grant, University of Manchester
Michael T Greenwood, Royal Military College of Canada
Nicoletta Guaragnella, National Research Council (Italy)
Thomas Heger, Institute of Biochemistry, Zurich
Jürgen Heinisch, University of Osnabruck
Eva Herker, Leibniz Institute for Experimental Virology
Johannes M Herrmann, Universitat Kaiserslautern
Sebastian Hofer, University of Graz
Antonio Jiménez-Ruiz, University of Alcala
Helmut Jungwirth, University of Graz
Katharina Kainz, University of Graz
Dimitrios P Kontoyiannis, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
Paula Ludovico, University of Minho
Stéphen Manon, Université de Bordeaux
Enzo Martegani, University of Milano-Bicocca
Cristina Mazzoni, University of Rome La Sapienza
Lynn A Megeney, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, The Ottawa Hospital
Chris Meisinger, University of Freiburg
Jens Nielsen, Chalmers University of Technology
Thomas Nyström, University of Gothenburg
Heinz D Osiewacz, Goethe University
Tiago F Outeiro, University Medical Center Göttingen
Hay-Oak Park, The Ohio State University
Tobias Pendl, University of Graz
Dina Petranovic, Chalmers University of Technology
Stephane Picot, University Lyon
Peter Polčic, Comenius University in Bratislava
Ted Powers, University of California, Davis
Mark Ramsdale, University of Exeter
Mark Rinnerthaler, University of Salzburg
Patrick Rockenfeller, University of Graz
Christoph Ruckenstuhl, University of Graz
Raffael Schaffrath, University of Kassel
Maria Segovia, University of Malaga
Fedor F Severin, Moscow State University
Amir Sharon, Tel Aviv University
Stephan J Sigrist, Freie Universität Berlin
Cornelia Sommer-Ruck, University of Graz
Maria João Sousa, University of Minho
Johan M Thevelein, KU Leuven, Belgium
Karin Thevissen, KU Leuven, Belgium
Vladimir Titorenko, Concordia University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Michel B Toledano, Université Paris-Saclay
Mick Tuite, University of Kent at Canterbury - U.K.
F-Nora Vögtle, University of Freiburg
Benedikt Westermann, University of Bayreuth
Joris Winderickx, KU Leuven, Belgium
Silke Wissing, Cevec Pharmaceuticals, Germany
Stefan Wölfl, Heidelberg University
Zhaojie J Zhang, University of Wyoming
Richard Y Zhao, University of Maryland School of Medicine
Bing Zhou, Tsinghua University
Lorenzo Galluzzi, Weill Cornell Medical College
Guido Kroemer, Université Paris Descartes/Paris V
Frank Madeo, University of Graz

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Microbial Cell




Elucidating the biology of yeast in its full complexity has major implications for science, medicine and industry. One of the most critical processes determining yeast life and physiology is cellular demise. However, the investigation of yeast cell death is a relatively young field, and a widely accepted set of concepts and terms is still missing. Here, we propose unified criteria for the definition of accidental, regulated, and programmed forms of cell death in yeast based on a series of morphological and biochemical criteria. Specifically, we provide consensus guidelines on the differential definition of terms including apoptosis, regulated necrosis, and autophagic cell death, as we refer to additional cell death routines that are relevant for the biology of (at least some species of) yeast. As this area of investigation advances rapidly, changes and extensions to this set of recommendations will be implemented in the years to come. Nonetheless, we strongly encourage the authors, reviewers and editors of scientific articles to adopt these collective standards in order to establish an accurate framework for yeast cell death research and, ultimately, to accelerate the progress of this vibrant field of research.


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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.