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Pediatric ophthalmology can feel like a completely different world compared to its adult counterpart. Children can sometimes be extremely challenging to examine and pediatric ophthalmologists examine a wide variety of age groups, including the non-verbal infant, the animated toddler, the adolescent, and the nonverbal adult. Careful exams are important at each stage of development because visual development is most critical in the first decade of life. Each patient group requires a distinctive expertise to perform an effective eye exam.

This review gives a brief introduction to some topics central to pediatric ophthalmology, including common clinical tests, common pathology, and some “can’t miss” diagnoses.

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.



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